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There’s Still Time to Secure Health Insurance for 2019

Posted on November 29, 2018 by Adam Cohen

The open-enrollment period for U.S. taxpayers to secure medical health insurance for 2019 via the Health Insurance Marketplace runs from Nov. 1, 2018, through Dec. 15, 2019. While the new tax law introduced on Jan. 1, 2018, does eliminate the Obamacare individual shared responsibility penalty for individuals who go without insurance in 2019, there are other reasons taxpayers should consider enrolling in a marketplace plan for 2019.

Some states, such as the District of Columbia, Massachusetts and New Jersey, have implemented their own individual mandates that will assess penalties on residents who do not have minimum essential health care coverage in 2019 and who do not qualify for an exemption.

In addition, by enrolling in a marketplace health care plan, you will continue to receive many of the benefits and incentives that the Affordable Care Act (ACA) introduced, such as guaranteed coverage for pre-existing conditions and free annual physical exams and preventive care immunizations, screenings and counseling. Without a marketplace plan, you may be denied coverage from a private insurer, or you may be unable to afford care and treatment for an unexpected illness or injury to you or your family members.

Due in part to the elimination of the individual mandate, most families should expect to pay higher premiums for plans in 2019 than they did in prior years. However, the premium tax credit has also increased for 2019, helping qualifying taxpayers to subsidize their costs for coverage. High-income families that do not qualify for the premium subsidy may want to consider setting aside pre-tax dollars into health savings accounts (HSAs) to help them pay healthcare costs, including marketplace plan premiums.

About the Author: Adam Cohen, CPA, is an associate director of Tax Services with Berkowitz Pollack Brant, where he works with closely held businesses and non-profit charities, hospitals and family foundations to maintain tax efficiency and comply with federal and state regulations. He can be reached at the CPA firm’s Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., office at (954) 712-7000 or via e-mail at

Information contained in this article is subject to change based on further interpretation of tax laws and subsequent guidance issued by the Internal Revenue Service.

IRS Introduces Per Diem Rates Effective October 2018 by Dustin Grizzle

Posted on November 27, 2018 by Dustin Grizzle

The IRS issued its annual update to the daily rates that employers may use to reimburse employees for lodging, meals and other incidental expenses that workers incur while traveling for business purposes.

The per diem rates are fixed amounts that employers may use to more easily reimburse workers for ordinary and necessary business travel expenses without requiring the collection and calculation of actual costs incurred. These payments are not considered taxable income to employees as long as workers substantiate their claims with detailed expenses reports. However, should a business reimburse an employee for more than the per diem rate, the employee is responsible for paying taxes on that amount.

Effective Oct. 1, 2018, the per diem meal and incidental allowances for taxpayers in the transportation industry are $66 within the continental U.S. and $71 for travel outside of the region. These expenses include all meals, laundry and dry cleaning services, and tips provided to food servers, porters, baggage handlers and other hotel employees.

For purposes of the high-low substantiation method, the per diem rates are $287 for travel to a high-cost locality and $195 for travel to any other locality within the continental U.S. The per diem rates for solely meals and incidental expenses is $71 for travel to high-cost localities and $60 for any other area within the continental U.S. In addition, the IRS updated its list of localities, including New York City, San Francisco and Aspen, Colo., which have a high cost of living during all or a portion of the year and therefore have a federal per diem rate of $241 or more.

The per diem rates are especially important to workers in 2018 because the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act eliminates their ability to deduct unreimbursed job expenses and miscellaneous itemized deductions through 2025. Therefore, it behooves workers to speak with their employers and request reimbursements for those business-travel expenses in order to recoup even a portion of the money they personally lay out to pay for costs that are necessary for their jobs.

About the Author: Dustin Grizzle is an associate director of Tax Services with Berkowitz Pollack Brant, where he provides corporate structuring, tax-planning and compliance services to real estate developers, management firms and investment companies; manufacturing businesses with large inventories; and high-net-worth families. He can be reached at the CPA firm’s Boca Raton, Fla., office at (561) 361-2000 or via email at

Information contained in this article is subject to change based on further interpretation of tax laws and subsequent guidance issued by the Internal Revenue Service.



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